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Coronavirus | COVID-19 Essay in English: 500 + Words

What is the Coronavirus?

The common name 'Coronavirus' refers to a family of viruses that can cause a range of illnesses in humans and animals. These illnesses can range from the common cold to severe acute respiratory syndrome. Out of the many officially recognized Coronaviruses, there are only seven species that affect humans. Three of these seven species can cause severe symptoms in humans and can be life threatening.



What is COVID-19?

The Coronavirus disease that broke out in the year 2019 is called COVID-19. It was first reported from the Chinese city of Wuhan in December. It was initially known as the Novel Coronavirus or 2019-nCoV. The virus that causes this disease is known as severe acute respiratory syndrome Coronavirus 2 or SARS-CoV-2 in short form. In the word 'COVID', CO stands for Corona, VI for Virus and D for disease. The WHO declared COVID-19 outbreak as a pandemic on March 11, 2020. It has affected several crores of people across the world and led to the deaths of several lakhs of people globally. As per Wikipedia report as on 26 September, 2020, this deadly disease has affected 32.5 million people across 188 countries and territories, claimed the lives of 988,000 people, and 22.4 million people have recovered.


What are its Symptoms?

Patients infected with COVID-19 show symptoms of fever, cough, tiredness, breathing difficulties, loss of taste and or smell etc. Some patients can also be asymptomatic meaning they don't show any symptoms at all. In severe cases, patients can also suffer from pneumonia and organ failure. It can be multi-organ failure too.


How does the Coronavirus disease 2019 spread?

COVID-19 is a contagious disease. It spreads primarily through physical contact between people and through droplets emitted through sneezing and coughing. Contaminated surfaces are also said to be one of the causes of its spread although this is yet to be proved.


Prevention of COVID-19:

The Coronavirus disease-2019 has badly affected the entire world. We must take preventive and precautionary measures to check its spread. The most important measures to check the spread of the disease are social or physical distancing and use of alcohol based hand wash. As COVID-19 is infectious and contagious in nature, we must take the disease seriously. We must immediately contact or consult the medical team if we suffer from the symptoms of COVID-19. We can take the following measures to avoid being infected with the virus:

a. We should regularly wash hands with alcohol based hand wash or soap and water.

b. We should avoid touching our eyes, nose and mouth.

c. We should maintain physical distance of at least three feet from others. Unless it is urgently necessary, it is better and safer to stay home and avoid crowds.

d. We should wear masks and cover our nose and mouth with tissue while coughing or sneezing.

e. We must seek medical help if we have cough and difficulty breathing.


Conclusion:

Since no medicine or vaccine is yet available, only symptomatic and supportive treatment of COVID-19 is being provided for the time being. we must take all precautions to save ourselves and others from the attack of COVID-19. However, medical scientists are struggling hard to check the disease and have already made some progress. So we can hope to get rid of the Coronavirus disease very soon.

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