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Subject and Predicate: Definition and Examples

Subject And Predicate: 

Look at the following sentences:

He runs. 
I play. 
Birds fly.
Boys play.
God is good.
The man is running.
He has bought some mangoes.
My father is angry. 
They have come here. 
The programme is going on.

Each of the above sentences can be divided into two parts as follows: 

He runs. 
I play. 
Birds fly.
Boys play.
God is good.
The man is running.
He has bought some mangoes.
My father is angry. 
They have come here. 
The programme is going on.

We find here that the first parts denote the persons, things, places, events or ideas about whom or which something is said. They are called subjects.

The second parts denote what is said about the subjects. They are called predicates.

The subject is a word or a group of words that denotes the person, thing, place or idea about whom or which the verb says something in the sentence. The subject may be a noun, a noun phrase or a pronoun or a mixture of a noun and a noun phrase or a noun and a pronoun. In simple terms, the subject is a noun or a noun equivalent. In active voice, it is the performer or doer of action. In passive voice, it is the receiver of action.

The predicate is that part of a sentence which has at least a finite verb, expressed or understood, and provides information about the subject. It may be a single verb or a verb along with objects, complements, adjuncts etc. 

Subject and Predicate in Imperative Sentences:

In most imperative sentences, the subject is understood. We have to supply it mentally to understand the meaning of an imperative sentence and identify its subject and predicate. As an imperative sentence begins with a verb, the complete sentence itself is a predicate. The subject is you which is hidden. If the subject you is not hidden, identification becomes easier. You is taken as the subject and the rest of the sentence as the predicate.

Examples of Subject and Predicate in Imperative Sentences:

The subject you written within bracket is mentally supplied. The rest is the predicate. The last two sentences are examples of imperative sentences with their subject you clearly mentioned. So no bracket is used.

(You) take care of yourself.
(You) go there.
(You) please help me.
You shut up.
Robin, you go there. (Robin, you is the subject)

More Examples Of Subjects And Predicates:

The subjects below are printed in bold. 

Ajoy runs. 
Dogs bark. 
It rains.
We are hungry.
The bird sings. 
The cow eats grass. 
They are playing.
His name is known to me. 
The dog barks. 
She is my wife.
Mr Barua is my father.
The teacher is teaching English.
Robin and Amit play together.
A little learning is a dangerous thing. 
The boys who came here are my friends.
The man who created the trouble was arrested by the police.
He and his younger brother visited the Taj Mahal.
I know the boy who came here.
The man who is standing at the gate is known to me.
Playing hockey is my hobby.

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